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## Fractions and Solving Equations

Offered to you without comment. Say something interesting in the comments.

(Thanks Timon!)

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## Summer’s over, and we’re back with some fractions

Summer’s over. Let’s get back to work here.

A sprinkling of thoughts:

• Nicora, on a  recent post, came out against using “x out of y” to introduce fractions. She writes: “One of the most common ways to introduce fractions to young students is to talk about ¾ as “3 out of 4. And it’s part of the reason why students have so much trouble with fractions later on.” I wonder whether this is the sort of mistake that you’d see more of if you use this sort of language in class.
• I bet that this student would have trouble if asked to place these fractions on the number line.
• I don’t really get the task. Are these supposed to add up to 1? What’s the unit here?
• I don’t think that the student believes that 3/5 is more than 2/3. I’d bet that this student just isn’t paying care to the relative sizes of boxes. This aspect of the representation just doesn’t strike her as significant.
• I also notice, though, that within each activity there’s an attempt to make the boxes the same size.

I think that this last observation might be a way into a line of questioning that could help. I’d point to a shaded in box (maybe the kickball one) and ask, “What does this mean?” And then I’d point to another box and ask the same question. This would force us to bring out the unit, and the comparisons between the shaded boxes would force us to have a conversation about the relative amount of time spent at each activity. This would naturally bring us into ranking, which I think would be a good follow-up activity.

There are a bunch of interesting things here — please comment on them — but one moral I’ll take out of this is that learning math often involves becoming sensitive to nuances that would otherwise seem irrelevant.

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## Subtracting Fractions

I’ve been reading some constructivist stuff lately, so…

What resources does this student have for refining their understanding of fractions?

(Thanks for the submission, Dionn!)

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## Chocolate Bars and Bad Friends

What’s the fastest way to help this 9th grade student?

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## Plot 0.4 on the Number Line

How did the student make the decision to plot 1/4? Tell a story.

Source: Chris Robinson

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## Error Patterns in Computation

This is a snapshot of a book by Robert Ashlock, Error Patterns in Computation.

Penny for your thoughts in the comments. How does a book like that relate to a blog like this?

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## The Distributive Property of Fractions

See the title of the post.

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## Division by 1/4

Above are three different answers to 4 divided by 1/4. What understanding stands behind each of those wrong answers? How do you teach division by fractions?

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I arbitrarily designate some mistakes to be “classics,” and this here is one of them.

No need to identify the mistake. It’s right there. But let’s get some wisdom in the comments. What is the significance of this mistake? Does knowing that this mistake is common change the way that you do (or should) teach?

[I didn’t exactly know how to tag this post, but it’s from a 9th grade classroom. For CCSS I tagged 5th grade.]

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## “3 out of 2 doctors recommend…”

What does the student know? What does the student think is going on with fractions? How would you help?